Period pain (Dysmenorrhea)is seen in almost one of five women in age of 15-45 years .At times it is severe and limits activity ,and the woman has to resort to medications including injections.
In most of the cases it is partly due to the womb (uterus) contracting to expel the menstrual blood and partly due to the chemical byproducts which are released locally during the shedding of the internal layer (endometrium)during menses. Generally it gradually reduces as age increases and more so post childbirth.
However in some cases it may be due to pathologies like lumps in uterus –>fibroids, or swelling in the uterus –>adenomosis or presence of blood clots around the uterus in the pelvis –>Endometriosis. Pelvic infections may present with pain and fever as a primary concern and Ovarian cysts .These can be diagnosed by a pelvic examination and ultrasound.In these (pathological) situations the pain increases as the periods start whereas in the earlier (physiological) entity where there is no particular abnormality the pain reduces after the flow starts .
Proper evaluation is must for those women who suffer from painful periods and especially if you did not have this pain previously but have a recent onset .
Home remedies for painful periods : If no particular cause is detected , having a good healthy diet free of refined flour, preservatives , artificial flavourants is advisable . Women who exercise regularly have less pain .
Fenugreek, ginger , fish oil capsules can be incorporated in daily diet . Routine intake of B1 vitamin and Vitamin E can also help.
For those who have limitation in their work can also take tablets containing antispasmodics and anti-inflammatory medications. Dicyclomine , mefanamic acid tablets can be taken in the first couple of days under medical supervision.
So , for period pains , do consult your doctor, get your tests done , most often the solution is simple , just eat healthy and give your body the much needed exercise .